32v 1m tail

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TAIL(1) UNIX Programmer's Manual TAIL(1)


tail - deliver the last part of a file


tail + number[lbc___] [ file ]


Tail copies the named file to the standard output beginning at a designated place. If no file is named, the standard input is used.

Copying begins at distance +number from the beginning, or -number from the end of the input. Number is counted in units of lines, blocks or characters, according to the appended option l, b or c. When no units are specified, counting is by lines.




Tails relative to the end of the file are treasured up in a buffer, and thus are limited in length. Various kinds of anomalous behavior may happen with character special files.