to an network interface; the connection from the interface to the transceiver uses a transceiver cable.
Most modern standard Ethernet interfaces have the transceiver included in the network interface module (resp. interface chip), so that neither separate transceiver nor transceiver cable are needed.
Many recent high-speed Ethernet interfaces (1 GB/s and above) and switches have transceivers again; that enables them to flexibly adapt to different network media, e.g. different types of fiber optical cables.
<Picture of a recent Transceiver module>
The cable from the transceiver to the network interface is a standard in the DIX Ethernet specification; this allows transceivers, cables and network interfaces from multiple manufacturers to be interconnected.
IEEE 802.3 Standard Naming Conventions
The IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Standard named:
- the Ethernet Transceiver MAU (for: Media Access Unit), and
- the Ethernet Transceiver Interface AUI (for: Attachment Unit Interface).
The Transceiver cable was thus named AUI cable.
Ethernet Transceiver Functions
From "EK-H4000-TM-PRE H4000 Ethernet Transceiver Technical Manual", chapter 1.2.2 "Transceiver Functional Description":
The transceiver performs the following functions:
- Transmit: Responds to the signals input from the transceiver cable and transmits the signals on the coaxial cable.
- Receive: Responds to signals transmitted on the coaxial cable and couples the received signals to the transceiver cable.
- Collision Detect: Monitors the signals transmitted on the coaxial cable and, if a collision occurs, signals appropriately on the transceiver cable.
Additionally, the transceiver does the following:
- Maintains electrical isolation between the coaxial cable and the transceiver cable,
- Maintains low loading/high impedance on the coaxial cable,
- Provides continuous data loopback (i.e., the receiver portion of the transceiver is always active; thus, the message being transmitted is coupled back on the transceiver cable),
- Provides self-test of the collision detection circuitry at the end of each transmission,
- Contains protective circuitry which ensures that network integrity will be maintained in the event of a faulty transceiver, controller, or repeater.