MS11-M MOS memory
The MS11-M (M8722) is a MOS DRAM main memory card; it can theoretically be configured as either UNIBUS memory, or Extended UNIBUS. In actuality, the MS11-M uses power voltages of +12V/-12V, unlike the normal +15V/-15V supplied by most DEC backplanes, and thus can be used in only a few installations.
When configured for UNIBUS use, it is plugged into an MUD backplane slot. Note: a MUD slot does not usually provide +12V/-12V; in general, the MS11-M thus cannot actually be plugged into most MUD backplanes.
When configured as an EUB card, it can only be plugged into the EUB slots on the backplanes of the PDP-11/24 (in the BA11-A mounting box only) and the PDP-11/44, which provide the correct voltages. Configuration is mostly by DIP switches, along with two jumpers.
It has ECC which automagically corrects single-bit errors, (at a 70 nsec penalty in response time when an error occurs) and detects double-bit errors. The memory is arranged as 4 banks, each 32 data bits wide, with 7 additional bits for the ECC. On power-on, the system is frozen (via negation of the ACLO UNIBUS signal) for up to 451 msec while the entire memory is cleared, to prevent spurious ECC errors. For diagnostic purposes, the ECC can be disabled, and there are also means for the CPU to read/write the ECC bits directly.
The access time is normally 490-525 nsec (typical/max; 620-675 nsec extra on memory refresh conflict), and the cycle time is 950-1000 nsec (write cycle; refresh conflict additional as above). Refresh time is 620 nsec (typical; 675 nsec maximum); the time for a complete refresh pass is 12.5 μsec (typical), or 13.75 μsec (maximum).
Power requirements are 3.8-4.8A of +5V; 1.2-1.5A of +5VBB; 25-50mA of -12V, on pin AS1 (depending on size, i.e. number of MOS memory chips); and .55-1 A of +12V, on pin AR1 (when active; depending on size). Note that if two MS11-M boards are interleaved, the +12V current draw can be doubled.
The board has provision to use battery backup power to retain data during a power outage.