|Manufacturer:||Digital Equipment Corporation|
|Year Introduced:||March 1975|
|Word Size:||16 bit|
|Physical Address Size:||22 bit|
|Virtual Address Size:||16 bit|
|Bus Architecture:||UNIBUS/MASSBUS/memory bus|
- A 2 Kbyte, 300 nsec cache, organized as 2-way set associative, with 4-byte blocks, connected to what had been the FastBus high-speed memory interface on the PDP-11/45 CPU
- The ability to support up to 4 Mbytes of main memory via a new Main Memory Bus, and changes to the CPU to allow access to that much memory
- A UNIBUS map to allow devices on the UNIBUS access to all of that memory
- The ability to support up to 4 RH70 MASSBUS controllers, which connected high-speed secondary storage devices directly to the main memory, bypassing the UNIBUS
The cabling used for the Main Memory Bus (DEC part number 70-10824) consists of a set of four BC06R-xx flat cables; two for the address and control, and two for the data. They run from Berg connector headers on boards in the KB11 CPU's cache to others on boards in the MJ11/MK11.
Quote: Introduced in March 1975, the PDP-11/70 is the bigest of the PDP-11s. The KB11B is a re-enginered version of the PDP-11/45's CPU, with some new features. Two of the most important changes was the addition of cache (2 KByte of bipolar memory) and the 22-bit memory management. The latter enables the usage of memory up to 2 Mwords, using the UNIBUS map, which translates 18-bit UNIBUS addresses to 22-bit physical addresses. The kernel/supervisor/user operating modes and the MMU was standard. Important options: FPP, MASSBUS adapters (RH70's, up to four) with direct memory access.
The original processor had the floating point unit of the PDP-11/45, which turned out to be ineffective, so it was resdesigned (KB11C). Overall performance is 0.6th of the VAX-11/780.
A normal system occupied at least two H960 cabinets (memory and CPU), the UNIBUS expansion needed another. There were also later revisions sold in another cabinet, without the front panel (Datasystem 570?).
Trivia: The original business plan called for 1000 PDP-11/70's to be built, it was supposed to be a "stopgap" until the "wide word machine" came out. This "word wide machine" was originally a small PDP-10 (36-bit machine), but it was then cancelled in favor of the 32-bit VAX. Anyhow, more than 10,000 PDP-11/70's were built.
- PDP-11/70 maintenance and installation manual, EK-11070-MM-002
- 11/70 - documentation at Bitsavers
- PDP-11/70 - contains many good images
- PiDP-11: a functional scale model replica of the PDP-11/70 console
|v • d • e PDP-11 Computers and Peripherals|
| UNIBUS PDP-11s - PDP-11/20 • PDP-11/15 • PDP-11/35 • PDP-11/40 • PDP-11/45 • PDP-11/50 • PDP-11/55 • PDP-11/70|
PDP-11/05 • PDP-11/10 • PDP-11/04 • PDP-11/34 • PDP-11/60 • PDP-11/44 • PDP-11/24 • PDP-11/84 • PDP-11/94
Also: PDP-11 architecture • PDP-11 Extended Instruction Set • FIS floating point • FP11 floating point • PDP-11 Commercial Instruction Set • PDP-11 Memory Management • PDP-11 stacks • PDP-11 family differences